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Traditional IRA

Choosing where to invest your money is a crucial step in planning for the future, and differentiating between your various options can be overwhelming. We’ll keep it simple here as we look at the basics of the traditional IRA as well as some advantages and disadvantages.

What is a traditional IRA

What is a Traditional IRA?

“IRA” stands for Individual Retirement Account, and a traditional account allows you to direct your income towards investments, which can be tax-deferred until withdrawal. The money you place in a traditional IRA goes towards your retirement, and can be invested in various places, such as stocks, bonds, or real estate. Traditional IRAs are held and handled by a custodian.

What Are The Advantage and Disadvantage of the Traditional IRA

There are pros and cons specific to the traditional IRA. It’s important to know these.

Advantage of Traditional IRA:

Larger Sums to Invest

Since the money you will be investing is tax-deferred, the sum you will be able to invest will be larger than a post-tax savings plan. This can lead to larger interest accumulating for you over a period of time.

Disadvantage of Traditional IRA:

Mandatory Withdrawals

If you choose the Traditional IRA, know that you will have to withdraw a specific amount of your money before you reach age 71, otherwise you may be subject to confiscation automatically by the IRS. There is also a penalty if you withdraw funds too early. The IRS will assess and possibly penalize you a 10% penalty if you are under 59 ½. There are few exceptions to this such as death or disability.

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Traditional IRA Rules

To qualify for the Traditional IRA you must be:

For the traditional IRA, it is important to note that not everyone is eligible for tax deductions. It is highly dependent upon your income as well as your filing status. Here is some more information that you need to know about tax deduction limits:$6,000 or $7,000 if you are older than 50 or Your taxable income for that yearThe maximum amount that you can contribute should be the lesser of:
$6,000 or $7,000 if you are older than 50 or Your taxable income for that yearWhat is the contribution deadline?The deadline to file your tax return for 2017 is April 17, 2018.The deadline to file your tax return for 2017 is April 17, 2018.When can I withdraw?You can make withdrawals at any time.You can make withdrawals at any time.Do I need to take the required minimum distributions?You are required to take them before April 1 following the year you turn 70½ and after that by the December 31st of every year.Not needed if you own it originally.Are withdrawals taxed?All withdrawals and distributions are taxed. Also, if you are below age 59½ then you are required to pay 10% penaly for early withdrawals.No, if the two Roth thresholds are met: the Roth is seasoned for 5 years and the IRA owner reaches the age of 59 1/2

Can a Traditional IRA be converted to a Roth IRA?

Yes. In order to convert from a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA, you must first meet eligibility requirements. There are three different ways that your IRA can be converted.

  1. The Rollover With this option, you can take funds that would be going to your traditional IRA, and instead roll them over into a Roth IRA, but it must take place within 60 days of the distribution.
  2. Between Two Trustees With this option, the trustee you have in charge of your traditional IRA directs your funds to the trustee of your new Roth IRA account for you.
  3. Transfer With the Same Trustee This option operates within the same bank or institution and is, in many ways, the simplest option. Your trustee for your traditional IRA sets up a new Roth IRA account and then proceeds to direct your funds there.

How do I know if the Traditional IRA is the best option for me?

First, look at your income in order to determine this. In tax year 2022, is it more than $132,000 (Phasing out from $117,000) if you are single or filing separately? Is it more than $194,000 (phasing out from $184,000) if you are filing jointly? If so, the traditional IRA may be a great option. If it’s less, then you are eligible for the Roth IRA as well, and if this is the case, you should look at other factors before you make your final decision. This is where discussing it with a professional will come in handy the most, because you need to determine a projection of which tax bracket you will be in, and based on this, you can move forward with your decision.


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